TEXAS LEAFCUTTING ANT, Atta texana (Buckley)
Description Picture Damage
  • leafcutting ant is rusty brown
  • several castes with considerable variation in size
  • queen is approximately 3/4 inch long
  • common workers range from 1/4 to 1/2 inch in length
  • colonies usually are found in well-drained sandy soils
  • colony may consist of a few small mounds or several feet across
  • mound interior has several chambers and may descend 15 feet



  • Photo credit: Extension Entomology, Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University

  • worker ants are active from May to September
  • forage during the night on vegetables abd many other plants
  • often defoliate plants, carrying severed leaves to their nest
  • leaves are used to maintain their "fungus garden"
  • well-defined foraging trails are established by ants